Colorado Springs Roofing: Article About The Parts Of A Roof
Roofs can vary widely in style and design. In general, about the only common characteristic of roofs is that they keep the interior of the house protected from the elements. However, depending on the local climate, that function can vary widely. Functionality as well as architectural aesthetics has influenced roof design to provide a wide array of possible styles. Whatever the type of roof on one's house, learning the names of some standard roofing structures will make it easier to communicate with Colorado Springs roofing professionals.
To begin with, roofs may be flat or sloped. In its simplest form, any sloped roof features a ridge at the top and fascia at its edges. The ridge is the uppermost edge, which runs the full length of the roof. The fascia are the vertical elements running the edges of the roof. Typically, these edges are also lined with gutters, which collect and divert rainwater from the building's foundation. The horizontal gutters lead water to vertical downspouts, which ensure that water flows away from the building's foundation.
In most cases, the surface of the roof is covered with shingles, small and nonporous tile like elements that protect the home from precipitation. Underneath the shingles, there is typically a layer of underlayment and a layer of sheathing.
A roofing contractor from Avalanche Roofing & Exteriors of Colorado Springs CO can answer any question about water damage restoration or interior painting.
These layers improve the roof's resilience to moisture and help insulate the house. Underneath the sheathing, the structure is supported by joists, elements often made of lumber that give the roof its shape.
Depending on the particular roof design, it may also feature chimneys, elements that pass through the roof and aid in expelling smoke from fireplaces or ovens. Dormers are elements of the roofing that extend outward from the general sloping design, typically to accommodate dormer windows. Flashing is used around chimneys, dormers, and any other breaks in the roof design, adding extra waterproofing to seams, which can otherwise easily cause leakage problems.
In most cases, roofs extend beyond the edge of the house. These protruding parts of the roof are known as the eaves. The underside of the eaves are called soffits. They are typically finished so that the attic area is sealed but also receives adequate ventilation.
Knowing the parts of a roof can make it easier to read DIY guides, understand roofing job estimates and communicate fluently during professional routine roof inspections. While the jargon may seem daunting at first, any homeowner can quickly get the hang of the most common terms.